Chandrayaan 3 : India’s Next Step on the Moon

Chandrayaan 3

Remember the Chandrayaan-2 mission? Well, ISRO is planning Chandrayaan-3, the next chapter in lunar exploration. This time, they’re aiming to land softly on the Moon’s surface and learn even more about our closest cosmic neighbor. Chandrayaan 3 will carry special tools to study the Moon’s surface and uncover its hidden secrets. It’s an exciting journey that will continue to expand our knowledge of the Moon.

Chandrayaan 3

Chandrayaan 3

Chandrayaan-3 represents India’s commitment to space exploration and scientific discovery. With its focus on safe landing, rover mobility, and in-situ experiments. This mission aims to advance our understanding of the lunar surface and contribute to the global scientific community. As India continues to make significant strides in the field of space research, it stands as a testament to the country’s technological prowess and its vision for unlocking the mysteries of the universe.

Objectives of Chandrayaan 3

The primary mission objectives of Chandrayaan-3 are threefold:

  • To demonstrate safe and soft landing on the lunar surface
  • It is going to enable rover mobility for scientific exploration
  • To conduct in-situ experiments on the moon.

Through these objectives, India aims to showcase its technological prowess and contribute to our understanding of the lunar environment.

Key Payloads on Chandrayaan 3

The Lander module of Chandrayaan-3 houses several scientific payloads. The Radio Anatomy of Moon Bound Hypersensitive ionosphere and Atmosphere (RAMBHA) payload includes a Langmuir probe (LP) designed to measure the near-surface plasma density and its variations. The Chandra’s Surface Thermo physical Experiment (ChaSTE) payload aims to study the thermal properties of the lunar surface near the polar region. Additionally, the Instrument for Lunar Seismic Activity (ILSA) will measure seismicity around the landing site, providing insights into the lunar crust and mantle. A passive Laser Retroreflector Array (LRA) from NASA will facilitate lunar laser ranging studies.

The Rover module carries the Alpha Particle X-ray Spectrometer (APXS) and the Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscope (LIBS) payloads. These instruments will analyze the elemental composition of lunar soil and rocks near the landing site, enriching our knowledge of the moon’s surface.

Specifications and Technological Advancements

Chandrayaan-3 will be launched by the Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle Mark III (GSLV-Mk3) from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre (SDSC) SHAR in Sriharikota. The mission modules include the Lander, Propulsion, and Rover. The Propulsion module will carry the Lander and Rover configuration to a lunar orbit of 100 km.

To ensure a successful landing, it incorporates advanced technologies. These include laser and RF-based altimeters, laser gyro-based inertial measurement systems, throttleable liquid engines, hazard detection and avoidance cameras, and a landing leg mechanism. These cutting-edge advancements have undergone rigorous testing in simulated lunar conditions.

Read Also :- The Upcoming Missions of ISRO

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