History of Bulletproof jackets in India

History Of bulletproof jackets In India

Guys do you know that India is supplying bulleproof jackets to 18 countries now. But in earlier days our armed officers didn’t even have the sufficient bulletproof jackets to protect themselves. Can you imagine the people who are protecting our peace and maintaining law were unable to get the sufficient equipment for protecting themselves. The only reason for this shortage was that we were importing them from other countries.

Bulletproof jackets were introduced in small numbers in the late 1990s, but proved to be heavy and short on protection. Even these were in short supply and could meet only 30-40 per cent of the requirement by the mid-2000s. Soldiers were reluctant to wear them because of the weight.

The Indian soldiers did not have bullet-proof jackets. Now 1.86 lakh of them have got it and we are exporting these jackets also.

Now , the era has changed. We are not dependent on other countries and now produce our own goods and help others too.

What are Bulletproof jackets ?

A bulletproof vest, also known as a ballistic vest or a bullet-resistant vest, is an item of body armour that helps absorb the impact and reduce or stop penetration to the torso from firearm-fired projectiles and fragmentation from explosions. The vest came in a soft form worn by many police officers, prison guards, security guards and some private citizens. Prison guards and police may wear soft vests designed to resist stabbing attacks, using metallic or para-aramid components. Soldiers, SWAT teams, marines and special operations forces wear hard armors, either in conjunction with soft armour or alone.

A bulletproof vest is made of 16 to 24 layers of nylon cloth of a heavy weave, the layers stitched together like a quilt. They are made from Aramid, Nylon 66,  Ultra High Mechanical Polyethylene (UHMPE), Carbon fibres.

Categories of Bulletproof Jackets :-

Modern body armour is generally split into one of two categories:

Soft armour 

Hard armour.

Soft Armour 

Soft Armour

Soft armour is usually made of woven fabrics (synthetic or natural). They can be worn stand-alone or can be combined with hard armour as part of an armour system. In the in-conjunction systems, a soft armour “plate backer” is usually placed behind the ballistic plate and the combination of soft and hard armour provides the designated level of protection.

Hard Armour 

Hard Armour

Hard body armour uses layers of firm, durable materials, such as steel, ceramics, ceramic composites, polyethylene, bullet-resistant fibres, and occasionally, materials like Kevlar. The vest carriers themselves are typically made from fabrics such as nylon.

Many systems contain both hard ceramic components and laminated textile materials used together. Various ceramic materials types are in use, however: aluminium oxide, boron carbide and silicon carbide are the most common.

Indian Bulletproof jackets 

Indian Bulletproof Jackets

India’s Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) has developed a lightweight bullet-proof jacket that weighs nine kilograms and meets the qualitative requirements of the Indian Army. The jacket has been developed by the Kanpur-based Defence Materials and Stores Research and Development Establishment (DMSRDE), which is one of the laboratories of the government-run Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO)

The front hard armour panel bullet proof jacket was tested at Terminal Ballistics Research Lab in Chandigarh and it met relevant standards of the BIS (Bureau of Indian Standards).

The front hard armour panel technology used for this jacket reduces the weight of medium sized bullet proof jackets from 10.4 kilograms to nine kilograms.

India needs more innovative product design and development to realise the campaign of AtmaNirbharBharat,” by Shri Narendra Modi.

References form :- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bulletproof_vest