Indian Cinema -The biggest film industry of the world.

Indian Cinema

The team of Encycloindia made a resolution that we are going to update people about our country’s rich culture and mythology.

We are determined to break the stereotypes and myths about our country.

Indian cinema is the best way to break the stereotypes and myths as it is the medium to communicate to different people of different cultures.

We should know about our cinema and its legacy of more than 100 years.

About Indian Cinema :-

When we are talking about Indian Cinema, we are talking about an industry producing around 2,000 movies per year. 

Third cinema of the world in terms of Box Office and the first in terms of annual output of films.

The Indian film industry is segmented into many other industries based on the regional languages of the places.

The Industries based on regional languages are :-

  1. Assamese (Jollywood)
  2. Badaga
  3. Bengali (Tollywood)
  4. Bhojpuri
  5. Chhattisgarhi (Chhollywood)
  6. Chakma (Chakwood)
  7. Deccani (Dollywood)
  8. Dogri (Pahariwood)
  9. Gujarati (Dhollywood)
  10. Hindi (Bollywood)
  11. Kannada (Sandalwood)
  12. Kokborok 
  13. Malayalam (Mollywood)
  14. Marathi
  15. Odia (Ollywood)
  16. Punjabi (Pollywood) 
  17. Santali (Sollywood)
  18. Tamil (Kollywood)
  19. Telugu (Tollywood)
  20. Tulu (Coastalwood)

The Hindi film industry represented over 44% of the Indian Cinema followed by Tamil and Telugu representing 13% each.

In 2020, Hindi cinema was surpassed by other languages and Telugu industry became the biggest film industry in terms of Box Office.

Do you know about a new movement in India?

The movement is termed as Pan-India and it gained popularity after the release of Bahubali: The Beginning in many regional languages simultaneously.

Watch:- Bahubali: The Beginning

Do you know the age of Indian Cinema?

In May 2022 Indian cinema will become a 110 year old cinema.

Dawn of the Indian Cinema :-

The first full length Indian feature film was “Raja Harishchandra” in 1913 produced and directed by Dadasaheb Phalke.

The person considered as the father of Indian Cinema is Dadasaheb Phalke.

Indian Cinema
Dadasahab Phalke

The first talking film, known as “Talkies”, was “Alam Ara” released on 14 March 1931.

Following “Alam Ara” many other talkies were also released like “Kalidas” by H.M Reddy.

Guys, do you know about the Golden Age of Indian Cinema ?

The Golden Age Of Indian Cinema :-

Golden Age of Indian Cinema is the period from late 1940s to early 1960s.

The emergence of the Parallel Cinema movement led by mostly Bengalis made a drastic change in Indian Cinema. 

Films on social issues like Dharti Ke Lal, Neecha Nagar, Nagarik, Do Bigha Zameen laid the foundation of the Indian New Wave.

Satyajit Ray is considered as one of the greatest filmmakers of the 20th Century.

In the mid 1970s, the revolutionary duo of Salim-Javed consisting of Salim Khan and Javed Akhtar.

They started a new phase of violent movies like “Deewar” and “Zanjeer”.

They showed the growth of slums, poverty, the Bombay Underworld and the world of crime. This resulted in the creation of the “Angry Young Man” of Bollywood, Amitabh Bachhan. 

Indian Cinema
Amitabh Bachhan

Later crime-action movies like “Sholay” and “Zanjeer” established Bachhan’s lead role in the era. He became one of the most popular faces of Bollywood.

Devotional movies like “Santoshi Maa” with low budget also became successful in the box office.

Introduction Of Masala Genre :-

In the 1970s, Nasir Hussain and Salim-Javed introduced a new genre “Masala”.

Masala genre combined the elements of action, Drama, Comedy, Romance, Melodrama, and Musical.

Masala genre made Amitabh Bachhan the biggest bollywood star of the period creating a landmark in the movie “Amar Akbar Anthony”, a multi-starrer movie.

The Film “Disco Dancer” in late 1980s was the biggest hit in Russia in 1982 starring Mithun Chakraborty.

This movie saw the rise of Mithun Chakraborty as the lead actor and Bappi Lehri as the music director of the industry.      

Indian Cinema
Mithun Chakraborty

Thereafter, Yash Chopra’s “Chandani” (1989) restored the musical romance genre.

In the late 1990s, Parallel Cinema surged in the Indian Film Industry, due to the commercial success of crime movies such as “Satya” and “Vaastav”.

Since the 1990s, the emergence of three Khans in Bollywood totally dominated the box office. The Khans have had a successful career since the 1980s. Many other stars also emerged during this era.

Akshay Kumar, Ajay Devgan, Hrithik Roshan, Anil Kapoor, Sridevi, Sanjay Dutt, Madhuri Dixit and Kajol are some of the famous stars who emerged in this era.  

New Stars of Indian Industry :-

The era of 2000s and 2010s saw the emergence of many new stars of Bollywood. 

Ranbir Kapoor, Ranveer Singh, Sushant Singh Rajput, Arjun Kapoor, Aditya Roy Kapur, and Tiger Shroff are some of the actors of the new generations.

Many new actresses also emerged during this era like Vidya Balan, Priyanka Chopra, Katrina Kaif, Kangana Ranaut, Deepika Padukone, Sonam Kapoor, Anushka Sharma, Sonakshi Sinha, Jacqueline Fernandez, Shraddha Kapoor and Alia Bhatt