MOM/Mangalyaan- India has reached Mars on first attempt

MOM Mars Orbiter Mission

Guys did you know that India is the first country that reached mars in its first attempt. Many space agencies tried and failed at their first attempt. So what was different in our attempt ? This article will answer your question about MOM (Mars Orbiter Mission) or Mangalyaan.

What is MOM (Mars Orbiter Mission) or Mangalyaan ?


The Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM), also called Mangalyaan, was a space probe orbiting Mars since 24 September 2014. It was launched on 5 November 2013 by the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO). That was India’s first interplanetary mission. This mission made it the fourth space agency to achieve Mars orbit, after Roscosmos, NASA, and the European Space Agency. India became the first Asian nation to reach Martian orbit. India is also the first nation in the world to do so on its maiden attempt.

Know about the Missiles of India

The Achievements of Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM) or Mangalyaan

The Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM) has various achievements to its credit after it was inserted into Mars orbit on September 24, 2014. The details of significant achievements of MOM include –

i. First interplanetary mission realized by India and first Indian spacecraft to incorporate full scale on-board autonomy to overcome the long distances and the communication gaps due to non-visibility periods.

ii. First Indian spacecraft to successfully survive Van Allen belt crossing 39 times.

iii. First mission to use Ship Borne Terminals to track the launch vehicle and satellite over the       Pacific Ocean by ISRO.

iv. First Indian spacecraft to escape the Sphere Of Influence of Earth and orbit the Sun.

v. First Mars mission in the world to succeed Mars Orbit Insertion in first attempt.

vi. Most economical interplanetary mission in the world and paved way for cost-effective access to deep space. The launch vehicle, Spacecraft and Ground Segment have been realized with a budget of Rs 450 Cr.

Planning For Mars orbiter Mission (MOM) Or Mangalyaan 

The planned life span of Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM) after its insertion into Mars orbit on September 24, 2014 is 6 months. The planned life span (6 months) of MOM was completed on March 24, 2015. One of the life limiting parameters of a spacecraft, under nominal orbital conditions, is the availability of propellant to maintain its orbit and orientation. In case of MOM, a reserve of 37 kg of propellant is available in the satellite. Since the health parameters of all critical systems of the satellite are very satisfactory, it is expected that MOM will outlive its planned life span of 6 months. The increased duration of observation of Mars by five scientific payloads will enhance the planetary science data. It would also enable coverage of Mars in different seasons.

Awards of The Mars Orbiter Mission or Mangalyaan

Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM) has been awarded “Space Pioneer Award” for science and engineering category for the year 2015 by the US based National Space Society. The Indira Gandhi Prize for Peace, Disarmament and Development is awarded to ISRO in recognition of its path-breaking achievement, culminating in Mars Orbiter Mission, its significant contribution in strengthening international cooperation in peaceful use of outer space.

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