Indian Science and Technology is widely recognized in the world. India is ranked at 40th position in the Global Innovation Index in 2022. India has given a lot to the world in many different fields. Indian contribution in Maths is also widely known to the world. Today, In this article you will learn about the Top 5 Discovery of India in Science.
Discovery of Bhabha Scattering
Homi J Bhabha discovered Bhabha Scattering. Bhabha published a paper in the Proceedings of the Royal Society, Series A, in which he determined the cross section of electron-positron scattering which was later named as Bhabha scattering. In 1937, Bhabha was awarded the Senior Studentship of the 1851 exhibition. Electron-positron scattering was later named Bhabha scattering, in honor of his contributions in the field.
Indian Physicist Satyendra Nath Bose mailed the document named “ Planck’s Law and the Light Quantum Hypothesis”. That paper is today called the “Bose Statistics”. The Paper showed how it could be used to derive the Planck blackbody spectrum from the assumption that light was made of photons. Einstein recognized the importance of the paper and translated it into German himself. Einstein later applied Bose’s principles on particles with mass and quickly predicted the Bose-Einstein condensate.
Boson Particles is a particle that follows Bose–Einstein statistics. Bosons make up one of the two classes of particles, the other being fermions. It was named after the famous scientist and the discoverer of the Bose-Einstein Statistics – Satyendra Nath Bose. The name ‘boson’ was actually the idea of Paul Dirac.
Discovery of Chandrashekhar number and limit
Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar discovered Chandrasekhar Number and Chandrasekhar Limit. He won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1983. His work on stellar structure and stellar evolution enabled him to win the Nobel Prize. His discovery helped the world to understand the future of what would happen to a dying star. If the star’s mass is less than the Chandrasekhar Limit it will shrink to become a white dwarf, and if it is great the star will explode, becoming a supernova.
Discovery of Raman Effect
CV Raman developed Spectrograph and used it together with his student K.S. Krishnan discovered that when light traverses a transparent material, the deflected light changes its wavelength and frequency. The effect was termed as Raman effect or Raman Scattering.
This discovery led him to win the Nobel Prize in Physics. He was the first Asian to win a Nobel Prize in any branch of Science.
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