Why India want Unmanned Ground Vehicles (UGV) ?

Unmanned Ground Vehicles

Guys You must have heard that The Indian Army is accelerating its efforts to catch-up with global militaries in Unmanned Ground Vehicles (UGV). 

It would appear that the rapid pace of progress with UGVs has largely passed the army by and it is now accelerating efforts to ensure that it is not left behind in a technology race. The DRDO (Defence Research and Development Organisation) which is tasked with undertaking cutting-edge defence research has proved unequal to the task of delivering the armed forces with UGVs of operational utility. This has resulted in an unmatched opportunity for the Indian private sector defence industry and start-ups to deliver on the army’s requirements for unmanned systems.

Know about the armoured vehicles of the Indian Army

Now a question arises in mind that,

What are Unmanned Ground Vehicles ?

An unmanned ground vehicle (UGV) is a vehicle that operates while in contact with the ground and without an onboard human presence.

UGVs can be used for many applications where it may be inconvenient, dangerous, or impossible to have a human operator present. Generally, the vehicle will have a set of sensors to observe the environment, and will either autonomously make decisions about its behaviour or pass the information to a human operator at a different location who will control the vehicle through teleoperation.

The UGV is the land-based counterpart to unmanned aerial vehicles and unmanned underwater vehicles. Unmanned robotics are being actively developed for both civilian and military use to perform a variety of dull, dirty, and dangerous activities.

What are the uses of Unmanned Ground Vehicles ?

These vehicles are used to replace humans in hazardous situations, such as handling explosives and in bomb disabling vehicles, where additional strength or smaller size is needed, or where humans cannot easily go. Military applications include surveillance, reconnaissance, and target acquisition.They are also used in industries such as agriculture, mining and construction. They are highly effective in naval operations, they have great importance in the help of Marine Corps combat; they can additionally avail in logistics operations on to the land and afloat.

They are also being developed for peacekeeping operations, ground surveillance, gatekeeper/checkpoint operations, urban street presence and to enhance police and military raids in urban settings. UGVs can “draw first fire” from insurgents — reducing military and police casualties. Furthermore, UGVs are now being used in rescue and recovery mission and were first used to find survivors following 9/11 at Ground Zero

Practically used 

The number of robots used in Iraq increased from 150 in 2004 to 5000 in 2005 and they disarmed over 1000 roadside bombs in Iraq at the end of 2005. By 2013, the U.S. Army had purchased 7,000 such machines and 750 had been destroyed. The military is using UGV technology to develop robots outfitted with machine guns and grenade launchers that may replace soldiers

Reference from :- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unmanned_ground_vehicle